In Capra’s synthesis you have the 4 perspectives of Matter, Form, Process and Meaning.
The flow perspective and the network perspective come from observations back in the early 80s. The observation was of two groups scientists, those who investigate physical flows and use the language of physics and chemistry (entropy, energy etc.) and others with a mathematical language like cybernetics and feedback loops. Capra makes the observation of the synthesis between the two. In order to unify the flow perspective of matter and the pattern perspective of form you need a third which is process. Matter, Form and Process for non-human living systems and for human systems you need a perspective of consciousness and culture which Capra calls the perspective of meaning to create the 4 perspectives of Matter, Form, Process and Meaning.
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