What we lack in education in 21st century culture is the interdependence between people and ideas in terms of a larger structure and relationship that gives meaning to the moment. In sociology, anthropology and linguistics, structuralism is the methodology that elements of human culture must be understood in terms of their relationship to a larger, overarching system or structure. It works to uncover the structures that underlie all the things that humans do, think, perceive, and feel.

Source: Structuralism